The first year is one of the most vital periods of your baby’s growth. Your child is growing fast and learning to adapt to the environment around them. All the milestones that your child has achieved over the first year are important. It indicates whether they are growing like a normal toddler or if there are any issues you may need to worry about.
In this article, we are going to explore all of these early milestones that your baby is expected to achieve in their first year.
Contents & Quick Navigation
- Physical Development for 1-Year-Olds
- Cognitive Development for 1-Year-Olds
- Social Skills Development for 1-Year-Olds
- Emotional Development for 1-Year-Olds
- Other Developmental Milestones for 1-Year-Olds
- Some Useful Tips for Parents
Physical Development for 1-Year-Olds
On average, a newborn weighs around seven to seven and a half pounds. However, it is quite normal for an infant to weigh a little less or a little more than that. Once your baby is a year old, their weight should increase by three times. So expect your toddler to weigh around 18 to 20 pounds as they hit the one year mark.
Your baby is also likely to grow by nine to 11 inches within a year. On average, a newborn is usually around 19.5 inches long. So by the end of the first year, they should be around 30 inches in length. The brain will grow up to 60% of its adult size within the first year.
1. The Gross Motor Skills for 1-Year-Olds
Your little one should be able to stand all by themselves within a year with some support. Some of them will even take their first steps by this age. Always remember, some babies may start walking sooner than others. So even if your toddler is not taking their first few steps by the first year, don’t get too worried. They will surely do so within a few weeks or months.
Your baby will also be able to stand on two feet for up to five seconds by this time. If they lose balance, they will attempt to catch themselves. You will also notice that they will be able to throw a ball or at least push it forward by the time they are one year old.
2. The Fine Motor Skills for 1-Year-Olds
Your baby will be using their index finger for pointing towards things. They will also hold things by using the index finger and thumb. Being able to put objects in a container is quite normal for many toddlers at this stage. At the same time, they will also clap with both hands in response to different activities.
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Cognitive Development for 1-Year-Olds
At the age of one, your kid is all curious about new things and will be eager to learn. They will explore hundreds of different ways to use a torch. However, they are not going to stick around with something for too long. Once they get some other toys to play with, the older one will be thrown aside.
To some extent, your toddler will begin to mimic you as you use different objects. They will also try to follow your body movement and gradually will master the skill of copying.
1. Communication Skills at 1-Year-Olds
Your baby should start using simple words by the time they turn one. Many toddlers start with the words “mama” and “dada” randomly before they turn one year old. Most of them will be able to address their mommy and daddy by using the right words. There are some other words they are likely to start using too.
By this time, you will notice your little angel responding to what you are saying. For instance, if you say “put that down” they will give you some kind of reaction even if they don’t obey. This is a clear indication that your baby is being able to process the information that they are receiving through oral communication.
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Social Skills Development for 1-Year-Olds
Your baby will start differentiating between strangers and loved ones. They may get anxious or shy when meeting new people. As you leave your kid with someone else, they will clearly show concern or may get agitated. Lots of toddlers can differentiate between a grownup and another baby by this time.
Though the advanced skills of trying to interact with another toddler may not prevail, you will find them to pay more attention to younger “homo sapiens”.
Emotional Development for 1-Year-Olds
As far as your kid’s emotional state is concerned, this will be completely unpredictable. The mood swing will be on in full scale. You will see them being eager to move away from you and try exploring the world around them. The next second, they will rush back to you seeking shelter.
It is quite normal for your little one to suffer from separation anxiety if you leave even for a little while. However, this will also help him/her to become more independent.
Other Developmental Milestones for 1-Year-Olds
Besides physical, emotional, cognitive and social skills development, your kid will also hit other milestones as well. For instance, by the age of one, his/her food preferences will begin to expand.
Food Habit of 1-Year-Olds
By the age of one, your baby will be able to eat solids. Pediatricians will advise you to feed them solid foods three times a day by this age. Your little one should also be able to eat by themselves. They should be able to hold round-shaped cereals and a sippy cup. When it comes to eating proper food, your one-year-old should be able to consume food items that contain honey. Her stomach will also gain the ability to process nut butter and eggs.
Things to Keep Out of the Menu
When serving, make sure that you are not giving your child anything that can be a choking hazard. For instance, avoid giving them pieces of popcorn, biscuits or a full grapefruit. Your one year old will be able to hold small objects by using their hands.
So keep an eye on them so that they don’t swallow any non-food substances like tiny toys, nuts etc. Your baby will also drink 22 to 32 ounces of breastmilk every day. In the 12th month, they should be able to drink whole cow’s milk. The quantity of milk intake should begin to slowly reduce by this time.
By now you can introduce some variations and exciting new foods. However, run through the menu with your doctor first to make sure that they contain the all of the nutrition your child needs.
Some Useful Tips for Parents
As your baby hits the one year mark, there are certain steps you should be taking:
Remove Breakable Objects
Your baby is now crawling or walking and will be eager to roam around the house. Make sure to keep unbreakable objects in the cabinets that your baby will be able to reach. Keep wooden spoons, plastic containers (ones that are certified as safe for babies) and whisks in the cabinets. You can also keep unbreakable objects of different sizes and shapes in a box for your baby to explore.
Baby-Proof your House
Make sure that your stairways are all gated. All cleaning solutions and pesticides should be kept up high in a place your baby cannot reach. The same is applicable for medications and sharp objects like kitchen knives, scissors and so on.
Get rid of all the hanging cords that your toddler can reach out for and grab. Avoid having cords spreading all over the floor too. This will prevent your little toddler from stumbling on one of them. There are hide-a-cord accessories available that you can use for organizing the cords.
Make sure that you have door handles and door stoppers. This will protect your baby from getting hurt. If you have a fireplace in your home, use a fireplace grill to keep the toddler away from it when it is burning. Stow matches, logs and other items away from your baby.
Check with the Pediatrician
We have already described the standard milestones your baby is supposed to reach by the age of one. If your child is not progressing accordingly, talk with your pediatrician about it.
However, as we mentioned before, not all babies progress the same way and at the same pace. Some are early while others take a little more time. So there is no need to worry. Just keep the pediatrician posted on your baby’s progress.
Watching your baby growing is an experience of a lifetime. When your child takes his/her first step and calls you “mama” or “dada” for the first time is a wonderful experience. Make sure that you know what to expect from your one-year-old. Monitor their growth and progress very carefully. Take the little one to the doctor for regular check-ups.
Baby-proof your whole house and let your little angel roam around freely (with some supervision of course). Also, make sure that your baby has got all the vaccinations necessary t by the first year. This is vital to keep your baby safe from all the common diseases.
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