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A person might find it difficult to explain the feeling of being depressed to another. It is common for people to consider a person particularly morose or low, or confuse major depressive disorder with sadness. While sadness is an emotion, depression is a disease.
Depression can make it difficult for a person to get out of bed, brush his teeth or wash her hair. It can make a cheerful person feel burdened with unknown and inexplicable blues. Depression can make it impossible for the sufferer to go out, socialize or maintain meaningful relationships.
Reaching out to a near and dear one might seem unlikely as well. Depression changes a person, and it affects a person’s professional and personal life.
Contents & Quick Navigation
- Why is diagnosing and treating depression a challenge?
- Standard Antidepressants in the Market
- Antidepressants and Side-Effects
- Finding the Right Antidepressant
- Final Thoughts
Why is diagnosing and treating depression a challenge?
Depression can be of various types. Sometimes, it is possible to show traits of multiple types. The most common specifiers of depression include anxious distress, melancholic features, psychotic features, atypical features, catatonia, seasonal patterns, postpartum onset, and mixed features.
It is possible to experience depression along with manic episodes that cause a sudden increase in energy, and self-esteem. It is a highly complex mental illness that demands both medication and cognitive behavioral counseling (CBT) at times.
Related Read: Why Anxiety Is On The Rise Among American Teens
Standard Antidepressants in the Market
The prescriptions for depression are almost never identical for two people. The composition of medicines will vary depending upon the possible cause of the disease, the age, and lifestyle of the individual. Other underlying stressors and the type of depression the person has is also a major factor.
The most common prescription medication for treating major depressive disorders include –
These are the compounds that do not fall under any other category of antidepressants. They include bupropion, trazodone, nefazodone, and vortioxetine.
Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)
These include venlafaxine, desvenlafaxine, levomilnacipran, and duloxetine.
Selective-Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)
They are the first round of drugs most doctors prescribe since they have few contraindications. These include citalopram, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, and vilazodone.
Imipramine, nortriptyline, doxepin, desipramine, protriptyline, and trimipramine are the most effective tricyclic antidepressants. Psychiatrists usually recommend these drugs only after the SSRI medications have failed to show any improvement.
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors (MAOIs)
Phenelzine, tranylcypromine, and isocarboxazid are the MAOIs that psychiatrists prescribe only after the SSRIs and SNRIs have failed. They can have some severe side effects, but sometimes, they are the only way to fight depression successfully.
Antidepressants and Side-Effects
Several antidepressants have severe side effects, and you might want to stop taking the medication after experiencing them. However, there are ways to reduce the side-effects and speaking with your doctor will help you take command of your life back.
If you visit any other specialist in the future, do not forget to mention the antidepressants or any other antipsychotic medication you might be taking right now.
Finding the Right Antidepressant
Finding the right medication can be difficult considering the signs and symptoms of depression vary from one person to another. Therefore, if you are aware of a drug that has worked well for your mother, aunt or father, might not work for you.
However, mention that to your psychologist or psychiatrist as every bit of history helps.
Depression is a real thing and no matter what anyone says – you need help fighting it. However, be sure to take advice from your therapist or doctor before you take these medications. We hope this article has helped you a little on understanding depression, common medications to fight them and their side effects.
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