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Blood sugar levels can play havoc with your life, and the symptoms of both high and low blood sugar levels should never be ignored, as it may be a symptom of an underlying problem.
There are many conditions in which your blood sugar can change and knowing the normal limits, as well as signs of deterioration, is important.
If you believe that your blood sugar levels are abnormal, your doctor can perform a simple test to check your levels.
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Conditions Which Affect Blood Sugar Levels
One of the most common causes of changes in blood sugar levels is diabetes and there are two main types of this condition. Type 2 diabetes is an acquired condition, while those with type 1 diabetes will be born with the condition.
In type 1 diabetes, the body does not recognize the cells which produce insulin, meaning your immune system will then attack and destroy these cells, creating havoc with the level of sugars in your bloodstream.
In type 2 diabetes, either your cells do not react when they are met with insulin or your body is unable to produce the substance in the first place. You can also suffer from diabetes while pregnant.
If you have been newly diagnosed with diabetes, it can be difficult to get your head around the different levels and what they can mean. You should be given a device called a glucometer which can accurately read your blood sugar levels at any time.
Knowing what these mean and when to seek help is important as a blood sugar level that is too high or too low can have detrimental effects on the mind and body.
Check out this blood sugar chart if you are unsure of what your readings mean.
Symptoms of Elevated Blood Sugar Levels
Although most people do not regularly check their blood sugar levels and therefore knowing the normal ranges isn’t much use, knowing the symptoms to look out for could aid you in detecting whether your blood sugar levels are unhealthy.
High blood sugar levels in the blood, also called hyperglycemia, can cause many symptoms including an increased level of thirst, the constant need to urinate and fatigue.
This may just happen once, but if these symptoms become chronic, it may be due to an underlying condition that needs addressing. If you begin to vomit and cannot keep anything down, you should seek urgent medical attention.
Symptoms of Low Blood Sugar Levels
Low blood sugar, known as hypoglycemia, can also cause a variety of symptoms. Each person can present differently with low blood sugar and while some people may experience many symptoms, others may have no symptoms at all.
People who have a low blood sugar level may feel faint, hungry, shaky and fatigued. This can be caused by diabetes, becoming more active than usual, skipping meal times or not consuming enough carbohydrates.
This is why it is essential to have a healthy and balanced diet and to not participate in fad diets which could cause hypoglycemia.
Causes of a Change in Blood Sugar Levels
Your blood sugar can change for a variety of reasons and although some conditions are the main causes of this, it can also be affected by emotions and stressors.
Surgery, illness, and menopause are just some of the causes of fluctuating blood sugar levels. It is extremely important to keep an eye out on your levels if you believe they are abnormal, as catching this early may aid in preventing you from getting type 2 diabetes.
This is called prediabetes and the sooner it is noticed, the sooner it can be dealt with. Women are more likely to suffer from changes in blood sugar levels than men and this is due to menstruation and menopause.
When a woman is menstruating, she releases certain hormones which affect the levels of sugar in her blood. This is why some women develop diabetes while pregnant and are then cured once they have had their child.
How to Regulate Your Blood Sugar Levels
If you are worried about developing a condition which affects your blood sugar levels, it is important to have a healthy, balanced diet alongside exercise.
Controlling how many carbohydrates you consume can aid in this, as carbohydrates have a strong correlation with your blood sugar. Staying well hydrated is also essential, as is controlling the amount of stress you are under.
Having a good idea of portion sizes can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes and stay at a healthy weight will further prevent this. Magnesium is an element that can benefit blood sugar levels and can be found in many foods such as nuts and avocados.
Our blood sugar levels can cause many changes within the body, so knowing what to look out for means you can catch symptoms early before further problems arise.
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