Babies are like little angels sent from heaven and they create an overwhelming love in our hearts. Every day is a new adventure as your baby grows more and more. However, being a new parent can be very stressful because you have to constantly monitor your baby’s health.
If you’ve just been blessed with the birth of your baby and you want to know whether they’re developing at the right pace, keep reading!
Here’s a list of all the developmental milestones you can expect in the first year of your baby’s life.
Contents & Quick Navigation
- Physical Development of a 0 to 1-Year-Old Infant
- Cognitive Development of 0 to 1-Year-Old Baby
- Emotional Development of 0 to 1-Year-Old Baby
- Social Development of a 0 to 1-Year-Old Infant
- Other Developments of a 0 to 1-Year-Old Baby
- Final Thoughts
Physical Development of a 0 to 1-Year-Old Infant
The physical development of your baby is something to keep an eye on as this is the first sign that your baby is growing at a healthy rate.
One to Three Months
While it may be true that the first three months of a baby’s life is spent lying down, they can still achieve some pretty impressive and entertaining feats.
Babies lying on their tummies are always fun to watch because the way they lift their head and chest up look like they’re trying to do push-ups.
And when they’re on their back, babies are able to lift their head and even keep it up for a few minutes. They’ll also be kicking their little feet and flailing their little arms around; you’ll wonder where they get all the energy from!
In no time at all, your baby will start trying to grab things, bring their hands together and put their hands in the mouth. At around two months old, babies will also be able to open and close their fingers and make a little fist.
Four to Six Months
At four to six months, your baby will be able to roll from their belly to their back and back again. At six months old, your baby will be able to help themselves if they sense that something is not right. So there’s very little chance of them suffocating if they flip over at night.
Babies at this age are also learning how to balance their head and they’ll have fairly good control of it. They will even be able to sit up – with your help and with support from some soft pillows.
At four to six months, your baby will be able to take those ‘baby push-ups’ a notch higher and hold their chest and head up with their arms. As for hand movement, six-month-old babies will be able to reach out and grasp things. They’ll be able to properly hold onto their toys.
Seven to Nine Months
At seven to nine months old, your baby will be as curious as ever and ready to discover the grown-up world. Babies this age will also be interested in tasting absolutely everything.
So, this is definitely the time to start baby proofing your house. As for hand movement, your baby will master the use of their hands and they’ll also most likely be able to pass objects from one hand to another.
At this stage, babies will also finally be able to sit up on their own, with no props whatsoever. Some babies might even learn to stand up with the support of furniture or someone holding them.
Types of Crawling
Since your baby has just learned how to roll over and lift themselves up, they will also start crawling and navigating their way through the house.
Babies will learn how to ‘scoot’ or do something called ‘army crawling’. Scooting is when your baby moves around by pushing along on their bottom. .Army crawling is when babies use their tummies and legs to drag themselves around.
10 to 12 Months
Get your cameras ready because this is also the time you should start expecting your baby to take their her first steps.
This is peak exploration time for your baby. They can move around on their little feet by holding onto furniture or someone’s hand.
This is probably the best time to buy your baby a walker so that they can get their leg muscles moving.
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Cognitive Development of 0 to 1-Year-Old Baby
Keeping track of your baby’s cognitive health is extremely important as it will tell you whether your baby’s brain is developing properly.
From birth to three months old, your baby will learn to use their eyes to sense movement. They will also be able to follow objects with their eyes.
By the end of the first year, your baby will also be able to identify you as ‘mama’ or ‘dada’. On average, your baby should also be able to say around three words by this time.
Baby Communication Skills
At four to six months, your baby will start expressing themselves by babbling. You’ll also notice your baby staring at your mouth as they try to follow what you are saying as you speak.
You can expect to hear a lot of baby-speak like ‘ba duh ma gah’, along with a string of consonants and vowels.
Surprisingly by this age, babies can also change their pitch and make noises as if they are excited, angry or even asking questions.
At seven to nine months, your baby will learn how to communicate from their surroundings. They can recognize their own name and respond to it. They might even understand words like ‘no’.
By this time your baby will master the art of waving and pointing at things they want. This is also when you can expect your baby to call you ‘mama’ or ‘dada’ for the first time.
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Emotional Development of 0 to 1-Year-Old Baby
During their first year, babies will be discovering their feelings. They’ll know when they are hungry, lonely or have taken a poop and are feeling uncomfortable.
And they’ll also be able to convey this message to you in their own way. Babies will tend to recognize familiar faces and not want to interact with strangers.
At nine months, your baby may be shy with new people until they get to spend more time them. They will also get anxious when you are not around.
Babies also tend to develop a sense of will, which can be seen when they want something. They will get upset or start crying if you do not give it to them.
At this age, your baby will constantly want cuddles and will crave your presence so enjoy this time while you can.
Social Development of a 0 to 1-Year-Old Infant
Surprisingly, your baby’s social skills will start developing around three months old. In the first few months, they’ll start smiling.
By the middle of the year, they’ll be smiling at you and expecting smiles in return as well. You’ll finally be able to hear your baby’s full delightful laugh when they are four to six months old.
At seven to nine months, your baby will be playing easily and mimicking you, as well as keeping you on your toes.
By the end of the first year, your baby will start clapping. Now is the time to have fun with your baby by playing games like the ‘peekaboo’.
Other Developments of a 0 to 1-Year-Old Baby
Along with physical, cognitive and social developments, your baby’s food and sleeping habits will also change drastically over their first year.
In the first few months, you should ensure that your baby is getting plenty of milk. However, at six months, babies are unable to get all the nutrition they need from milk. So this is the ideal time to start introducing solid food to their diet.
Finally, at around six to eight months, you can start feeding your baby vegetables, fruit and juices. At the age of 10 to 12 months, you’ll find your baby’s eating behavior has changed again. At this stage, they will be able to eat things by themselves and will have a varied diet.
In the first few weeks, your newborn baby’s sleeping routine will be all over the place, with frequent but short naps mixed with long slumbers.
However, at six to eight weeks, you can start manipulating your baby’s sleeping schedule by feeding them at certain times.
At six months, you can finally your introduce your baby to their own room. At this stage, most babies will learn to soothe themselves and fall asleep on their own.
All the things mentioned above are a general guideline on how a baby should be developing through the different phases of their first year. This will help you to determine if your baby is developing properly and at a healthy rate.
However, keep in mind that none of these guidelines are set in stone. Each baby will grow and develop at their own pace and some babies may reach these milestones sooner or later than others. This is completely normal.
So, go on and enjoy your baby’s first year, because in no time at all your baby will be all grown up. We hope this article was helpful to you.
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